Historische Authentizität

© MfN/Carola Radke

Leibniz-Cambridge Museum & Collection Fellowships 2019

Dr. Artemis Yagou

Grades of Authenticity: Pocket Watches for the Ottoman Market (18th-19th c.) Institute: Fitzwilliam Museum | June 2019

Artemis Yagou is an Athens-born historian of design and technology, currently based in Munich, Germany, where she is Research Associate at the Research Institute for the History of Science and Technology of the Deutsches Museum. She is working on the project "How they Played: Children and Construction Toys (ca. 1840-1940)", with funding from the German Research Foundation (DFG) (2016-2021). Additionally, she is preparing a monograph on aspects of luxury in early modern Southeastern Europe. She has published extensively, including Fragile Innovation: Episodes in Greek Design History (2011 in English/2015 in Greek).

Exploring the material culture of the long eighteenth century, Yagou examined four pocket watches with Ottoman numerals from the collection of the Fitzwilliam Museum. English and continental firms produced large numbers of watches of this type for the markets of the Ottoman Empire. These products, both technical novelties and fashionable accessories, were highly popular among the local multiethnic populations. The pocket watches for the Ottoman market may be classified as examples of popular luxury, expressing the rise of the individual, the growing significance of pleasurable consumption, and the emergence of new forms of socialisation through product use. Furthermore, these watches often combined elements that may be described as "genuine" or "fake", which suggests that various forms and degrees of authenticity should be considered and problematised. The quantity-produced pocket watch with Ottoman numerals, an artefact incorporating both innovation and fashionability, offers an appropriate starting point for exploring the diffusion and significance of forgery practices outside the domain of high luxury.

Dr. James Taylor

Bathylasma hirsutum and the Darwin barnacle slides Institute: German Center for Marine Biodiversity Research (DZMB) | September 2019

James Taylor is a marine ecologist who completed his Master’s studies at the University of Glasgow before undertaking his Doctoral research at the Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven in association with the Carl von Ossietzky Universität, Oldenburg. Taylor’s research interests include deep-sea macro- and megafaunal community analysis, video and imagery techniques for studying marine realms, genetics, and hydrothermal vent associated fauna. His doctoral dissertation titled “Temporal and Spatial Variability of Epibenthic Megafaunal Communities from the Arctic Deep-Sea LTER Observatory HAUSGARTEN” studied variation in megafaunal communities with data spanning more than a decade with particular emphasis on the deep-sea holothurians, Kolga hyalina and Elpidia heckeri, as well as the mollusc Mohnia mohni. This work was funded by a Research Grant for Doctoral Candidates and Young Academics and Scientists from the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).

Taylor’s current post-doctoral research focuses on the study of material, both physical and image based, obtained during the IceAGE RR (Icelandic marine Animals: Genetics and Ecology – Reykjanes Ridge) expedition MSM75. Whilst this encompasses many areas of research, a key focus lies with the molecular, morphological, scleroclimatological, habitat and stable isotope analysis of the acorn barnacle Bathylasma hirsutum. B. hirsutum is known from the Azores to the Faeroe Islands in water depth of 200 m to 1829 m and has been observed on bedrock in high current areas, with further information on this species very limited. The awarded fellowship will directly address providing further information on the morphology of B. hirsutum in collaboration with the Cambridge Museum of Zoology via Micro-CT scanning and reconstruction techniques. The fellowship will also involve the donation of B. hirsutum specimens from the MSM75 expedition to the extensive Cirripedia collection at the museum, which also houses the historical Darwin barnacle specimens.

Dr. Joshua Nall

Metallographic analysis of historic scientific instruments in Britain and Germany

Institute: Deutsches Museum, Munich and Whipple Museum of the History of Science, University of Cambridge | November 2019

Joshua Nall is Curator of Modern Sciences at the Whipple Museum of the History of Science, University of Cambridge. He joined the museum in 2013, having previously completed his MPhil and PhD in History and Philosophy of Science at Cambridge. His research focuses on mass media and material culture of the physical sciences after 1800. He has curated a variety of exhibitions and displays, including on globes, science and industry in Cambridge, and most recently the special exhibition Astronomy and Empire. His first book, News from Mars: Mass Media and the Forging of a New Astronomy, 1860–1910, will be published by University of Pittsburgh Press in September 2019. With Boris Jardine he is also currently editing a primary source volume, Victorian Material Culture: Science and Medicine, to be published by Routledge.

Nall will use his Cambridge-Leibniz Museum & Collection Fellowship to support a research exchange between the Whipple Museum and the Deutsches Museum in Munich. Since 2013 he has been part of a research project critically reassessing the thorny question of fake scientific instruments in major museum collections, including the Whipple Museum. Using a variety of historical, curatorial, and scientific techniques, including X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy, this initial research has already increased the number of known forgeries in the Whipple’s collection. With support from the Cambridge-Leibniz-Museum and Collection Fellowships 2019, this study will be improved and extended by facilitating a partnership between the Whipple Museum and Dr. Neeti Phatak, a materials science specialist working with the Deutsches Museum collection. Dr Phatak will visit the Whipple in the summer of 2019 to assist in further XRF analysis of the collection and to share her expertise in the complicated interpretation of resultant data. Nall will then undertake a reciprocal visit in the winter of 2019 to share his own curatorial and historical insights with the research and conservation teams at the Deutsches Museum. Our ambition is to establish baseline working techniques for the accumulation and interpretation of large quantities of XRF data across many different types of objects in multiple collections. This technique offers the tantalising opportunity to not only weed our forgeries, but also to help better date authentic instruments and interrogate their place of origin and the material techniques used in their construction, offering new insights into the making and circulation of scientific instruments.

Dr. Neeti Phatak

Metallographic analysis of historic scientific instruments in Britain and Germany

Institute: Deutsches Museum, Munich and Whipple Museum of the History of Science, University of Cambridge | August 2019

Neeti Phatak pursued her Doctorate in Materials Science & Engineering from the University of Augsburg, Germany in 2016. She has a broad experience in the research and development of new and existing materials and their characterization – both in industry and academia- nationally and internationally. As a passionate material scientist, Neet Phatak is always keen and enthusiastic towards exploring varying domains where she could contribute her expertise in solving diverse problems.

Being associated with the Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany, since more than a year, she has been actively involved in the material characterization of various museum artefctas via non-destructive techniques, as X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Spectroscopy- aiming in bringing together the scientific and historical aspects in the analysis of museum artefcats for their authenticity and provenance.

Cambridge-Leibniz Museum & Collection Fellowship would be a great opportunity for Neeti in exploring the potentials of the XRF technique in the analysis of diverse museum artefacts- not only at the Deutsches Museums, Munich, but as well at the Whipple Museum, University of Cambridge. With support from the Cambridge-Leibniz-Museum and Collection Fellowships 2019, this study will be improved and extended by facilitating a partnership between the Deutsches Museum and Dr.Joshua Nall, a historian and curator at the Whipple Musuem. Dr Phatak will visit the Whipple in the summer of 2019 to assist in further XRF analysis of the collection and to share her expertise in the complicated interpretation of resultant data. Nall will then undertake a reciprocal visit in the winter of 2019 to share his own curatorial and historical insights with the research and conservation teams at the Deutsches Museum. Our ambition is to establish baseline working techniques for the accumulation and interpretation of large quantities of XRF data across many different types of objects in multiple collections. This technique offers the tantalising opportunity to not only weed our forgeries, but also to help better date authentic instruments and interrogate their place of origin and the material techniques used in their construction, offering new insights into the making and circulation of scientific instruments.

Charlotte Connelly & Dr. Martin Weiss

Climate Change: Identifying Avenues of Contemporary Collecting

Institute: The Polar Museum, SPRI Cambridge | DSM Bremerhaven

Charlotte Connelly is a curator of science, technology and the environment at the Polar Museum, part of the Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge. Her current research in the history of science investigates the material culture of the physical sciences, and how recreation of past experimental practice can inform historical interpretation. She has published on the history of science and exploration, as well as on museology and how museum practice can be used to build dialogue between different types of audience, particularly with reference to climate science.

Martin Weiss is a historian of science at the German Maritime Museum / Leibniz Institute for Maritime History. In his current research he focuses on the history of the polar and marine sciences in the Cold War. The history of German research vessels serve as a point of departure for his historical analysis of the many interests (scientific, economic, geo-strategic) that came into play (and still come into play today) in determining the agenda and the public impact of polar and marine research. Previously, Martin focused on the history of museums as centres of knowledge exchange, both in Cold War East Germany and nineteenth century Holland. He is the author of the book „Showcasing Science – A History of Teylers Museum in the Nineteenth Century“.

In a new exhibition project, The Polar Museum and the German Maritime Museum are seeking to develop an exhibition, H2O: Ice, Oceans and Us (working title), about climate change and its impacts on our planet, in collaboration with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The project will help tackle one of the biggest challenges museums face in conveying climate change issues: identifying engaging and comprehensible objects which document and illustrate the research underlying climate science, climate history and its predicted future effects on society. To this end, a best practice guide will be compiled.

Fellows 2018

Dr. Berin Golonu

Structuring public leisure space in Ottoman cities during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries

Institute: Zentrum Moderner Orient | Oktober 2018 - Januar 2019

Berin Golonu is an art historian and curator who received her Ph.D. from the Visual and Cultural Studies Program at the University of Rochester. Since 2017 she has held the post of Clinical Assistant Professor of Art History/Visual Studies at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Golonu's research interests include Middle Eastern modern and contemporary art, Ottoman and Orientalist art and visual culture, art and environmentalism in developing Asian countries, and photographic histories of the Middle East. Her dissertation titled "Modernizing Nature/Naturalizing Modernization: Late Ottoman and Early Turkish Republican Landscape Imagery, 1876-1939" looks at how processes of nation-building, economic development, and imperatives for preservation are reflected in the region's modern landscape imagery. She has received research grants and fellowships through the Darat Al Funun Foundation, the Getty Research Institute, Institut Français d'Études Anatoliennes in Istanbul, the Susan B. Anthony Institute of Gender and Women's Studies, and the Graduate Dean's Office of the University of Rochester.

Golonu's post-doctoral project undertakes a study of the first public parks and gardens (millet bahçeleri) established in various Ottoman cities, from Thessaloniki to Istanbul to Diyarbakır, and asks how these spaces shaped public visibility and behavior from the 1870s to the 1930s. The landscaping and use of these people's gardens reflect changing perceptions of nature during the Ottoman Empire's and Turkey's modernization processes. While the public gardens are representative of these cities' processes of urban reform in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the similarities and differences in the landscaping of gardens situated in disparate cities reveals how differently landscaped parks can be viewed as microcosms for various models of municipal modernity being implemented at this time. Her research gives an account of a range of activities and events that took place in these spaces, from film screenings to political meetings, in order to examine how hegemonic and counter-hegemonic narratives played out on these sites. The Leibniz Fellowship for Historical Authenticity allowed Golonu to be in residence at the Zentrum Moderner Orient from October 2018 through January 2019. During the course of her residency she worked on a research plan for a book manuscript on the topic of late Ottoman public gardens. An Oleg Grabar post-doctoral fellowship recently granted through the Historians of Islamic Art Association will allow Golonu to return to Istanbul in summer 2019 in order to continue her work on this manuscript.

Dr. Susan Hogervorst

Live stories/life stories. Video and audio testimonies as authentication strategies in Dutch memorial museums

Institute: IfZ Berlin | September 2018

Susan Hogervorst is an assistant professor in historical culture and history didactics at the Open Universiteit Nederland, and a research associate at the Center for Historical Culture, Erasmus University Rotterdam. Her current research focusses on the use of video testimonies in education, heritage sites, and online. She obtained a PhD in history in 2010, with a dissertation on memory cultures of the concentration camp at Ravensbrück in Western and Eastern Europe. Her fields of interest and expertise are cultural memory, oral history, digital humanities, didactics, historiography, public history, and history and memory of the Second World War. She has published and lectured about cultural memory, Ravensbrück concentration camp and the Rotterdam bombing raids, for example 'Transmitting Memory between and beyond Generations. The Rotterdam Bombardment in Local Memory Culture and Heritage Education, 1980-2015' in the Journal of Educational Media, Memory and Society.

The project at the IfZ Berlin focuses on the use of audio and video testimonies in exhibitions as strategies of authentication in WW2 memorial museums. Interestingly, many memorial museums recently revised their permanent exhibitions, or are in the middle of doing so, including their display of testimonies. Therewith, these institutions not only adjust their exhibitions to current museum standards and available techniques. This broadly felt need for revision may also expresses a new phase in the cultural memory of WWII, which anticipates the absence of eyewitnesses. The project explores the re-contextualization of eyewitness testimonies in WWII memorial museum exhibitions. What can the various practices of displaying testimonies at former camp sites learn us about the role of the witness in contemporary and future cultural memory? The memorial museums in the three main former concentration camps in the Netherlands - Westerbork, Vught (Herzogenbusch) and Amersfoort - have been taken as a case study. Although all three memorial sites have been subjugated to the same, centralized national memory culture, they fairly diverge regarding their use of testimonies. In fact, as will be argued, these differences can be considered as temporal, reflecting different stages of a transformation process towards an era without eyewitnesses. The ensemble of these three former camp museums thus offers a cross-section of cultural memory, which has been increasingly relying on the presence (and, consequently, the upcoming absence) of eyewitnesses since the 1980s.

Dr. Dirk Rose

Authenticity as a Reflex of Medial Communication: Johann Gottfried Herder

Institute: IEG Mainz | August to October 2018

Dirk Rose is a historian of literature and media, holding a PhD in German Literature from the University of Munich (LMU). He is affiliated with the Department of German and Comparative Literature at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg. He is currently working in the section of literature und media at the University of Innsbruck (Austria). His research interests are located in the fields of media history, polemical discourses, and the theory of literature and culture. His habilitation thesis explores the history and the function of polemics in German thinking from the late 18th century to nowadays focusing on the connection between concepts of modernity and polemical discourses in different fields of communication (such as philosophy, literature, politics).

The current project at the IEG is part of a research project concerning media criticism and its impact on the history of ideas in German culture. In this context, Johann Gottfried Herder is an outstanding figure. He has not only criticised technical media communication as "suspect" in a theological sense but has also given impulses to a new understanding of "true" practices of culture. For example, he outlines the interaction of bodies (for instance while singing chants every Sunday in church) as an "authentic" communication that needs no technical or media support instead of publishing and reading poetry. The main research questions that should be worked on during the Fellowship are the theological impact of this thinking as well as the consequences for an understanding of media as ontologically "bad" still alive in recent discussions about the "Lügenpresse".

Dr. Alina Laura Tiews

Arrival on the Radio: Flight and Expulsion in West and East German Radio Programmes 1945-1961

Institute: ZZF | January to March 2018

Alina L. Tiews is a historian and museum practitioner, holding a PhD in Modern History from the University of Münster. She is affiliated with the Hans-Bredow-Institut for Media Research in Hamburg, where she has been working for the department of Media History since 2013. Besides, she has worked for several museums, among them the German Historical Museum in Berlin and the Willy-Brandt-Haus in Lübeck. Alina's research interests lie in the fields of media history, migration history, public history and popular culture. Her PhD thesis explored how feature films have portrayed German refugees and expellees after 1945. The project was funded by the Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media and the DEFA Stiftung; the following book "Fluchtpunkt Film" was shortlisted for the Volkswagen Stiftung "Opus Primus" prize.

Alina's current postdoc-project "Arrival on the radio" is a media historical project about the German refugees and expellees after the Second World War as well. This time, she investigates radio broadcasting as key tool in the manifold communicative processes that have helped shaping the refugees' arrival. German refugees and expellees were frequent parts of radio programming in the late 1940s and 1950s, especially in the Federal Republic, but to some degree also in the GDR. The broadcasts did not merely inform people about the refugees' status, but captured and conveyed audio images of their lost homes. They envisioned different time layers of the past, acoustically, and functionalised them for current Cold War frames. Certain journalists, who were expellees themselves, became key actors in these communication processes: Professionally and autobiographically they turned into authorities to create what was perceived as authentic sound spaces of the old homes left behind.

Fellows 2017

Dr. Lesley Nicole Braun

The Dancing Past: The role of dance in Mobutu's Authenticité program in Zaire

Institut: ZZF | August bis Oktober 2017

Lesley Braun is an anthropologist specializing in African in popular dance performance, with a focus on Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. She is interested in the ways in which dance, in its embodied and symbolic forms, participates in the construction of an urban experience, as well as in the production of memory. She holds a PhD in Anthropology from Université de Montréal. Braun is recipient of the Joseph-Armand Bombardier Doctoral Award (Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council), and her research has been funded by the Wenner-Gren Foundation. She recently completed postdoctoral fellowships in the Department of Comparative Human Development at the University of Chicago (2014-16), and in the Art Histories and Aesthetics Practices, at the Forum Transregionale Studien in Berlin (2016-2017).

Based on eighteen months fieldwork in Kinshasa, her book manuscript, "Dancing Double Binds: Women and Work in Kinshasa" investigates how changing notions of gender and sexuality impact and shape women's economic and social activities in the public sphere. These issues are attended to through the lens of popular concert dance. Specifically, it explores the ways in which professional dancers challenge the status and roles of women in Congolese society through increased visibility.

Her current project examines Mobutu Sese Seko's authenticité cultural policy called animation politique. In the 1970s, Mobutu, former dictator of Zaire, promoted images of what an "authentic" postcolonial African nation ought to look like through the staging of elaborate dance performance televised on national TV. This project explores memories of the Zairian state through embodied movement practices, and considers the ways in which the authenticité policy shaped people's relationship to dance.

Dr. des. Caner Tekin

Conceptualising the Ottoman History within the Education Programmes of the Contemporary Turkey

Institut: GEI | Februar bis März 2017

Caner Tekin completed his PhD at the Ruhr University Bochum by defending his thesis on comparative European and Turkish histories. Between 2014 and 2016, he wrote his doctoral dissertation on the role of history in contemporary European discussions about Turkey, and he taught two seminars on the history of Europe and the history of the Ruhr region. He is currently affiliated with the Centre for Mediterranean Studies (RUB) and also working at the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research as a short-term postdoctoral fellow.

Tekin's interests revolve around the linkage between nationalisms and representations of the past. Since his late doctoral years, he is actively working and publishing on the politics of historiography at the EU and Turkey. He has recently co-edited (with Professor Stefan Berger) a collection entitled Creating Identity of History: Representations of the Past in Contemporary European Politics on an agreement with the Berghahn Books (in review process), which discusses the uses of historical narratives in contemporary discussions about European and national identities.

His current project investigates the changing discourses on historical authenticity in contemporary Turkey and scrutinises the contemporary curricula for history education and the practices of official memory politics. Owing to the fellowship provided by the Alliance for Historical Authenticity, Tekin began the first part of his research project at the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research in Brunswick and pre-structured the rest of his study in the longer term. During his research stay, he is working on the Turkish history curricula and textbooks, preparing a contribution to the Journal of International Textbook Research, and collaborating with the faculty on the organisation of a workshop.

Fellows 2016

Dr. Susannah Eckersley

Affective Authenticity? Museums, Objects and Memories of Historical and Contemporary Migration

Institut: ZZF | Oktober bis Dezember 2016

Susannah Eckersley is a bilingual British-German dual national, who is currently a lecturer in Museum, Gallery & Heritage Studies at Newcastle University. She has a PhD and MA in Museum Studies, both from Newcastle University, an MA (Hons) in German and History of Art from Edinburgh University and spent an Erasmus year at Leipzig University. She worked on the EC FP7 funded project, MeLA: European Museums in an Age of Migrations from 2011-2014, and is deputy project co-ordinator of CoHERE: Critical Heritages - performing and representing identities in Europe, funded by EC Horizon 2020.

Her research interests are in dark heritage; memory, identity and belonging; the heritage of migration and displacement; cultural policy; the politics of the past within the present. Publications include: Museums, Migration and Identity in Europe, (Ashgate 2015); Placing Migration in European Museums: Theoretical, Contextual and Methodological Foundations, (DPA Press 2012).

Her current project, which she is working on at the ZZF, is 'Affective authenticity? Museums, objects and memories of historical and contemporary migration'. This analyses the responses of museums and their audiences to migration, in connection with material traces of these pasts, linking traumatic memory theories with material culture theories. It explores the potential affective power of 'authentic' objects in the museum context in influencing how contemporary audiences situate themselves in relation to constructions of the past.

PD Dr. Sylvia Kesper-Biermann

The (in-)visible Torture in 19th Century Europe. The Torture Museum in Nuremberg

Institut: GNM | Oktober bis Dezember 2016

Sylvia Kesper-Biermann received her PhD from the University of Gießen, did postdoctoral research at the Universities of Bayreuth and Paderborn and wrote her second book on criminal law in 19th century Germany. Between 2011 and 2016 she was a Visiting Professor at the Universities of Gießen, Cologne and Munich (LMU).

She has written on criminal and legal history, the history of education, the history of demography and population policy as well as history in popular culture, esp. comic books. Her recent publications include Between Passion and Senses? Perspectives on Emotions and Law, special issue of Interdisciplines. Journal of History and Sociology vol. 6 No 2 (ed. with D. Ellerbrock) and Verflochtene Vergangenheiten. Geschichtscomics in Europa, Asien und Amerika, special issue of Comparativ vol. 24 No 3 (2014), (ed. with B. Severin-Barboutie).

Her current research project '(In)visible Torture in 19th century Europe' intends to historicize the ban on torture as an essential element of European identity. Instead of examining where and when torture has (allegedly) been used, the emergence and persistence of an (anti-)torture discourse are analysed. Its mechanics can be characterised by five guiding principles which will serve as research perspectives: emotionalisation, visualisation, historisation, actualisation and orientalisation. During her stay at the GNM Nuremberg she focuses on the visualisation of torture in 19th century museums with respect to the significance of historical authenticity.

Dr. Tino Mager

Zwischen Gegenwart und Vergangenheit. Authentizität und die Architektur der späten Moderne

Institut: IRS | Oktober bis Dezember 2016

Tino Mager studierte Medientechnik in Leipzig sowie Kunstgeschichte und Kommunikationswissenschaft in Berlin, Barcelona und Tokyo; 2004 Diplom; 2009 Magister Artium. 2015 Promotion am Institut für Kunstwissenschaft und Historische Urbanistik der TU Berlin mit einer Arbeit zum Begriff der Authentizität im architektonischen Erbe; Elsa-Neumann-Stipendiat. Er absolvierte Forschungsaufenthalte in Japan und an der University of California, Los Angeles, war Lehrbeauftragter an der TU Berlin und der ITU in Istanbul. Seit 2015 ist er wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Lehrstuhl für Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur an der TU Dortmund.

Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte umfassen Authentizität im Bezug auf architektonisches Erbe, Denkmaldiskurse der Spätmoderne sowie Fragen der Rekonstruktion. Zu seinen aktuellen Publikationen gehören Schillernde Unschärfe - der Begriff der Authentizität im architektonischen Erbe (De Gruyter 2016), Architecture RePerformed: The Politics of Reconstruction (Routledge 2015) und Architektur denken. Neue Positionen zur späten Moderne (Neofelis 2016).

Im Rahmen des Post-Doc Fellowships forscht er am IRS zu dem Thema Neither Past nor Present: Authenticity and late 20th Century architectural Heritage. Darin werden Fragen der Authentizität von architektonischem Erbe erörtert, dass der jüngsten Vergangenheit angehört und noch nicht dem Bereich des Historischen angehört. In diesem Rahmen wird auch die Problematik von Historisierungsprozessen näher betrachtet.